bbin

 

May 17 2018

三花接受了新的低GWP制冷剂的挑战

三花接受低GWP制冷剂挑战

bbin WEN/Federico Bisco

序言:

DUIYUZHENGGEZHILENGKONGDIAOXINGYELAISHUO,2018NIANSHIFEICHANGGUANJIANDEYINIAN。OUMENGFABUDEGUANYUWENSHIFUHUAQITI(F-Gas)DE517/2014TIAOLIGUIDING,CONG2015NIANKAISHIZHUBUJIANSHAOHFCZHILENGJIDESHIYONG,DANGNIANJIANSHAOLIANGDADAO37%;DAO2020NIANZEYAODADAO45%。MUQIANCHANGJIANDEHFCZHILENGJIYINSHENGCHANKUNNANHEJIAGESHANGZHANGDENGYUANYIN,DAOZHIQISHIYONGLIANGBUDUANXIAJIANG,ERGUOJIZHILENGJIGONGYINGSHANGTONGGUOZHENGZHIHESHANGYESHOUDUANDENGZHIJIEKONGZHILER410a, R134a HER404aDENGZHILENGJIDESHIYONG,YOUCIQUSHIZHENGGEXINGYEJIJIXUNZHAOKETIDAIZHILENGJIJIEJUEFANGAN。

GWP的替代制冷剂:

MUQIAN,XINGYEDUIYUWEILAIZHILENGJISHANGWUMINGQUEDINGLUN,CHULECHUANTONGDETIANRANZHILENGJI(HCHER744),XINDEHECHENGZHILENGJIHUOHUNHEZHILENGJIYEYIJINRUSHICHANG。ZAIWEILAIJINIANNEI,TAMENJUNKEYIMANZUOUMENGF-GasTIAOLIDEDIGWPGUIDING;DANSHI,TAMENYECUNZAIYIDINGDEQUEXIANHEWENTI,SUOYIbbinBIXURENZHENPINGGU,TEBIESHIZAIXIANGGUANYINGYONGFANGMIAN。

bbin BIAO 1

bbin WEILEGENGHAODISHUOMINGDANGQIANXIANZHUANGHEWEILAIDEFAZHAN,ZHILENGJIGENJUBUTONGDEYINGYONGKEFENWEISANDALEI,BIAO1GENJUZUIDAGONGZUOYALILIECHULESANLEIHECHENGZHILENGJI。

R134a替代制冷剂

R134aSHIMUQIANQICHEKONGDIAOXITONGZUIHAODEZHILENGJI;CHUCIZHIWAI,QIHAIGUANGFANYONGYUDAXINGLENGDONGJIZU,YIJILUOGANYASUOJIHELIXINYASUOJIDEREBENGXITONGZHONG。HFOsJIAZUDER1234BEIYIZHIRENWEISHIR134aDEZUIJIATIDAIZHILENGJI,R1234ZHILENGJIFENWEILIANGZHONGLEIXING: R1234yfHE R1234ze。R1234yfYIGUANGFANYINGYONGYUQICHEXINGYE,JINGUANR1234yfSHUYUA2LLEI(QINGDUYIRAN),DANSHIYINQIRONGLIANGYUR134aFEICHANGXIANGSI,WUXUXIUGAISHEBEICHICUNJIKEKUAISUTIHUAN。R1234zeSUIRANKERANXINGJIAODI,YUR1234yfTONGSHUA2LLEI,DANSHIGENJUPEDZHILING(2014/68/EU),QISHUYUDI2LEIZHILENGJI。QIER1234zeMEIYOUJINGGUO“yf”DECHENGGONGBIANTI,DANGR1234zeTIDAISHIYONGZAIR134aXITONGSHI,XITONGZHILENGLIANGHUIJIANGDI20%ZUOYOU。GAIBIAOTONGSHILIECHULEQITAKENENGZUOWEIR1234XILIEHFOsZHILENGJIDETIDAIPIN,DANSHITAMENGEYOUQUEXIAN: HUNHEZHILENGJIR513aHER450aDEGWPZHIYUR134aXIANGTONG,QIEWUYIRANFENGXIAN,DANZHISHIZUOWEIZANSHIDEJIEJUEFANGAN,BINGMEIYOUZHANJUSHICHANGDEZHUDAODIWEI。LINGYIFANGMIAN,TANQINGHUAHEWU(R600HER1270)JUYOUHENGAODEKERANXING,MOUXIESHANGYEYINGYONGGUIDINGCHONGZHULIANGYINGDIYU150g,YINCIQIHENNANZAIDAGONGLVSHEBEIZHONGTUIGUANGSHIYONG。ZAICHONGFENZHANGWOR134aTIDAIZHILENGJIDETEXINGHOU,SANHUADUONIANLAIYANJIUHFOsJIQIHUNHEZHILENGJIDEHUAXUEJIANRONGXING,YOUQISHIR1234ZHILENGJI,SANHUAYIJINGNENGGOUTIGONGQUANXILIEDEJIXIEHEDIANZIFAJIAN,MANZUZHEIXIEZHILENGJIHELENGDONGYOUDEHUAXUEJIANRONGXING。TONGSHI,SANHUAXIANGGUANFAJIANYIWANCHENGTANQINGZHILENGJIHEQINGDUYIRAN(A2LLEI)ZHILENGJIRUR1234yfDERENZHENG,BAOKUOSITONGHUANXIANGFA(SHFXILIE)、DIANCIFA(MDF,HDFHEFDFXILIE),YIJIDIANZIPENGZHANGFA(DPFXILIE)JUNKEYONGYUXINLENGMEIXITONGZHONG。

R404a替代制冷剂

bbin GUOQUSHINIAN,R404aWUYISHIYIDALIHEOUZHOUSHICHANGSHIYONGZUIDUODEZHILENGJI;ERR407XILIEHUNHEZHILENGJIYEQUDEYIDINGCHENGDUDICHENGGONG。DANSHI,R404aDEGWPZHIGAODAJIN4000,YINERBEIRENDINGSHIQUANQIUBIANNUANZUIKEPADEDIREN。TIDAIR404aBINGBUSHIYIJIANJIANDANDESHIQING,MUQIANYOULIANGZHONGKEXINGBANFA: DIYIZHONGSHIZIRANGONGZHI,ZHUYAOSHIBINGWAN(R290);DIERZHONGSHIYINRUDIGWPDEHUNHEWU,DANSHIGWPZHIYIRANZAI2000ZUOYOU。BINGWANSHIYIZHONGJUYOUYOULIANGWULIXINGNENGDETANQINGHUAHEWU,DANGTAZAIBINGXIANGXITONGZHONGSHIYONGSHI,QIXIAOLVKEYIPIMEIR22ZHILENGJI。DANSHIBINGWANYIRANCUNZHEKERANXINGWENTI,YIJISHOUZHIYUIEC 60335-2-8DEGUIDING,SHANGYONGXITONGZHONGZHILENGJICHONGZHULIANGBUDEDAYU150g。YIXIANYOUJISHULAIKAN,ZHEIZHONGGUIDINGSHIXITONGDEGONGLVJINWEI1.5~2kW,CONGERXIANZHIQIZHUYAOYINGYONGZAICHAOSHIHUOZHEXIAOXINGSHANGYONGJIZUZHONG。SANHUAWEITIANRANZHILENGJI,YOUQISHIBINGWANTIGONGLEKEKAODEJIEJUEFANGAN,YANFACHUYIXILIESHIYONGYUKERANZHILENGJIDEKONGZHIBUJIAN。SANHUAYESHIQUANQIUWEIYIYIJIAJIANGFAJIANHEWEITONGDAOHUANREQIJICHENGYINGYONGZAIZHENGFAQIHELENGNINGQIDUANDEGONGSI,WEITONGDAONENGGOUYOUXIAOJIANSHAOTONGDAOMIANJI,CONGERJIEJUEZHILENGJICHONGZHULIANGDEWENTI。CAIYONGWEITONGDAOJISHU,TESHUSHEJIDEZHILENGJIHUILU,SHINEIBUTIJIJIANSHAO70%。DEYIYUZHEIYISHEJI,BUFENCHANGSHANGZAIZUNSHOU150gGUIDINGDETONGSHI,NENGGOUSHENGCHANZHILENGLIANGCHAOGUO2kWDELENGJU。JINGUANZUIJINGUOJIDIANGONGJISHUWEIYUANHUI(IEC/SC 61C)TIYI,XIUDINGLEIEC 60335-2-89DUILENGMEICHONGZHUDEBIAOZHUN,YOU150gZENGJIADAO500g,BINGWANYIRANHENNANZAIDAGONGLVXITONGZHONGYINGYONG。ZAISHANGYEZHILENGLINGYU,bbinKANDAOYIXIEGWPZHIJINWEIR404fYIBANDEHUNHEZHILENGJIZHENGZAIYINJIN,QIZHONGZUIDIANXINGDESHIR407aHER407fDEHUNHEWU。DANSHITAMENYEBEIRENWEISHIDUANQINEIDEGUODUZHILENGJI,BINGJIANGZUIZHONGBEIZHUBUTAOTAI;ERXINXINGHUNHEZHILENGJIYIJINGDAOLAI,RUZAIYIDALIDAHUOCHENGGONGDER452a,HEOUZHOUQITADIQUSHIYONGDER448a/R449a。ZHEIXIEHUNWUDEGONGXINGSHIBUYIRAN,ZHENGYINRUCI,SHOUDAOLEXUDUOZHILENGCHANGSHANGDEGUANZHU。DANSHI,TAMENDEGWPZHIYUANYUANCHAOGUO150,BEIGUIYUGUODUXINGZHILENGJI。ERbbinZHENGQIAOSHOUYIDAI,BUYUANDEJIANGLAI,SHENMECAINENGZHENZHENGQUDONGXINGYEBIANGE。ZHENDUIR454JIAZUDEHUNHEWUZHILENGJIDETAOLUNYIJINGKAISHI,DANSHIZHEIXIEZHILENGJIDOUSHUYUA2LLEI,YINCIYUBINGWANCUNZAIZHETONGYANGDEKERANXINGDEWEIXIE。ZAIMUQIANZHILENGJISHANGWEIQUEDINGDEJIEDUAN,SANHUAYIKEYIWEIKEHUTIGONGSHIYONGYUGELEIXINLENGMEIDECHANPINDABAOJIEJUEFANGAN。SANHUATUICHULEXINYIDAIDEQUANXILIERELIPENGZHANGFA(RFKH, RFGB HERFGDXILIE),BINGZHUANMENSHEJILEYINGYONGYUYISHANGXINXINGHUNHEZHILENGJIDECHANPINXILIE。CHURELIPENGZHANGFAWAI,SANHUAHAIWEIKEHUTIGONGQUANXILIEDEDIANZIPENGZHANGFA(DPFHEVPFXILIE),NENGGOUJINGQUEDIAOJIELENGMEILIULIANG,XIANZHUTIGAOXITONGNENGXIAO。DIANZIPENGZHANGFADPFXILIEYUQIKONGZHIQISEC(TU1)PEITAOSHIYONG,TONGGUOSHEZHIKONGZHIQIDECANSHULAIKONGZHIZHILENGJILIULIANG,CONGERSHIXIANYIGEDIANZIPENGZHANGFAYINGYONGZAIBUTONGLENGMEIDEXITONGZHONG。

TU1

SHIPINLENGLIANLINGYUSIHUYUELAIYUEQINGXIANGYUSHIYONGERYANGHUATAN(R744)ZHILENGJI,ZHISHAOZAIGAOWEIDUDIQU,R744NENGGOUSHIXITONGDADAOGENGGAODENENGXIAOSHUIPING。YOUYUERYANGHUATANDEWULIXINGNENG(LINJIEDIANWEI33℃),SUOYIQIMIANLINDEGUANJIANWENTISHISHEBEIDENENGXIAOWENTI,JISHIJINGGUOGAODUYOUHUADEXITONG,QICOPYEBUHUICHAOGUO2,ZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGZAIQIHOUWENNUANDIQUHEHUASHIRANLIAOFADIANDEDIQUGENGJIATUCHU。YIFANGMIANGWPZHIYAOQIUDI,LINGYIFANGMIANDIANNENGXIAOHAOJIAOGAO,DALIANGERYANGHUATANPAIFANGDAODAQIZHONG,ZAIYIDALI,bbinKANDAOYINGYONGR744XITONGDESHEBEITUIGUANGFEICHANGHUANMAN;EROUZHOUQITADIQUDEQINGKUANGZEQIAQIAXIANGFAN,ZHEIXIEKUALINJIEXITONGZHENGZAIJIJITUIDONGERYANGHUATANZHILENGJIDEYINGYONG。ZUOWEIZHILENGKONGDIAOXINGYEDEYINLINGZHE,SANHUAYIYIGUANDEZHUANYEJISHUHEZHUANZHUCHUANGSHENGENGZHILENGLINGYU,ZAIERYANGHUATANXITONGYINGYONGFANGMIAN,SANHUANENGGOUTIGONGQUANXILIEDEQIUFAJIEJUEFANGAN,RUYALINJIEYINGYONGDECBVXILIEQIUFAKEYIDADAO60bar,HEKUALINJIEYINGYONGDECBVTXILIEQIUFA(TU2)。SANHUATIGONGDEAISI304BUXIUGANGZHICHENGDEFAJIANCHANPIN,QUANBUXIUGANGFATISHICHANPINNAIYAQIANGDUDADAO100bar。TONGSHI,SANHUAYONGYOUSHUANGJINSHUHANJIEDEZHUANLIJISHU,JIEGUANBUWEINEIBUWEI99%DECHUNTONG,FANGBIANKEHUHANJIE,ZAIR744XITONGZHONG,YIBANCAIYONGK65TONGGUANJINXINGQIANHANCAOZUO。

TU 2


R410a替代制冷剂

bbin ZAIZHILENGXINGYEZHEICHANGGEMINGZHONG,KONGDIAOWUYIZHENGZAIJINGLIZUIKUNNANDEZHUANXINGQI。DUONIANLAI,YINGYONGYUKONGDIAODEZHILENGJIZHUYAOSHIR410a。ERZI2017NIAN1YUEYILAI,SHOUTONGHUOPENGZHANGDEYINGXIANG,R410aDEJIAGEYISHANGZHANGLIANGBEIDUO。CHUOUZHOUYANGEXIANZHIR410aDESHIYONGWAI,ZHONGGUOSHENGCHANR125ZHILENGJIDEBUFENGONGCHANGYEYIGUANBI,ERR410aZHONG50%DECHENGFENSHIR125。ZHONGXIAOXINGKONGDIAOSHIYOUYAZHOUXINGYEJUTOUTUIDONGDE,ZHANGQIYILAISHIYONGGUANGWEIRENZHIDER32ZHILENGJI,R32YESHIR410aDECHENGFENZHIYI,SUIRANZHEIZHONGZHILENGJIDEGWPZHIBUGAO,DANSHITAJUYOUQINGDUYIRANXING(A2LLEI),GENJUPEDZHILING,R32SHUYU1LEIZHILENGJI,YAOQIUSHEJIYALIBUDIYU46bar。CIWAI,ZAICHANGGUIDEKONGDIAOGONGKUANGXIA,YASUOJIDEPAIQIWENDUGAODA150℃,CISHIZHILENGJIWANGWANGBEIYONGLAILENGQUEJIQI(chillers),ZHEIDUIYASUOJIHEFAJIANSHENGCHANSHANGTICHULEXUDUOYANKEDEYAOQIU。SANHUAMUQIANNENGGOUTIGONGDUIZHEIZHONGZHILENGJIYOULIANGHAOHUAXUEJIANRONGXINGDECHANPIN,BINGYURENZHENGJIGOUHEZUO,WEIDN>25DEDAXINGBUJIANTIGONGPEDRENZHENG。TONGSHI,SANHUAHAIJIJIWEIR452bXUNZHAOKEKAOCHANPIN,R452bZHILENGJIKENENGSHIDAZHONGXINGREBENGWEILAIDEJIEJUEFANGAN。

结论:

ZHILENGKONGDIAOSHICHANGZHENGCHUZAIYIGEZHONGDADEZHUANZHEDIAN,XINDEHUANJINGBAOHUFALINGHEJINGJIZHENGCEDEYALIPOSHIZHILENGJISHENGCHANSHANGJIJIXIANGDIGWPZHILENGJIJIQIHUNHEWUZHUANXING。CHUGUODUXINGZHILENGJIWAI,SUOYOUYU“ZHILENG”XIANGGUANDEGONGZHIDOUZAIXIANGYIRANHUOQINGDUYIRANDEZIRANGONGZHIHUOHUNHEGONGZHIFAZHAN,ZHEIYIQUSHIYAOQIUZHILENGXINGYESHENGCHANSHANGCHEDIGAIBIANGONGYISHEJIHEBUJIANCAILIAOXUANZE,YITIGONGZUIDAJIANRONGXINGHEKEKAOXINGDECHANPIN,JISHIZAIXIELUDENGSHIGUFASHENGSHI,YENENGQUEBAOANQUANXING。TONGYANGDI,XIANGGUANTIAOLIYEXUYAOXIUDINGYIBAOZHENGXINXINGZHILENGJIGUANGFANSHIYONGSHIDEANQUANBIAOZHUN。SANHUAZAIZHEIYIBIANHUAZHONGKANDAOLEZHONGDADEJIYU,TONGGUODALIANGDEYANFATOURU,WEIXINGYEKEHUTIGONGYOUXIUDECHANPINHEZUIQIANZHANDEJISHU。

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